Click Here for School Information & Registration Form

RSES Technical Institute-1 Course Details

This course begins with a comprehensive introduction to refrigeration and air conditioning. Topics covered include basic physics, major system components including hermetic, semi-hermetic and open compressors, condensers, evaporators and refrigerant metering devices. It also covers fundamental concepts of electricity and magnetism as they pertain to resistors, resistance, conductors, power supplies, circuit protection devices and transformers. A summary list of lessons is below and the detailed lessons can be found below as well.


·         Lesson 1 - Intro to Refrigeration & A/C

·         Lesson 2 - Basic Physics

·         Lesson 3 - Major Component Functions

·         Lesson 4 - 5 Gas Laws (Part 1 & 2)

·         Lesson 6 - 7 Pressure/Temperature Relationship (Parts 1 & 2)

·         Lesson 8 - 10 Compression Refrigeration Cycle (Parts 1-3)

·         Lesson 11 - Refrigerant Tables

·         Lesson 12 - Refrigerant Properties and Characteristics

·         Lesson 13 - Refrigerant Designations

·         Lesson 14 - Safe Practices and Public Relations

·         Lesson 15 – Compressors

·         Lesson 16 - Open-Type Compressors

·         Lesson 17 - Hermetic and Semi-Hermetic Compressors

·         Lesson 18 - Air-Cooled Condensers

·         Lesson 19 - Water-Cooled Condensers

·         Lesson 20 - Refrigeration Evaporators

·         Lesson 21 - Capillary Tubes

·         Lesson 22 - 23 Thermostatic Exp. Valves (Parts 1 & 2)

·         Lesson 24 - Oil in Refrigeration Systems

·         Lesson 25 - Recover, Recycle, Reclaim

·         Lesson 26 - Safe Handling of Refrigerants and Cylinders

·         Lesson 27 - Fundamental Concepts of Electricity

·         Lesson 28 - Fundamental Concepts of Magnetism

·         Lesson 29 - Voltage = EMF = Potential Difference

·         Lesson 30 - Resistors and Resistance

·         Lesson 31 – Conductors

·         Lesson 32 - Power Supplies

·         Lesson 33 - Circuit Protection Devices

·         Lesson 34 - 36 Electricity for Service Techs (Parts 1-3)


Lesson 1 - Introduction to Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

Objectives: Define refrigeration. Identify the basic components of a refrigeration cycle. Identify the various gas laws and their importance to a basic knowledge of physics. State the date and place of the founding of RSES. List six modern-day applications serviced by the refrigeration and air conditioning industry.

Lesson 2 - Basic Physics

Objectives: Define the basic structure of matter. Describe the fundamental structure of an element, a molecule, and a compound. Define and give one example of sensible, latent, and specific heat. Explain the methods of measuring the intensity and quantity of heat. Identify the physical changes that occur when matter changes state from solid to liquid to gas. Calculate the amount of sensible and latent heat added to a solid, a liquid, and a gas. List three types of energy (in addition to heat energy) and give an example of each. State the latent heat of fusion for ice and the latent heat of vaporization for water.

Lesson 3 -
Major Component Functions

Objectives: Define heat and cold. State the basic law of heat flow. Define the British thermal unit (Btu) and the calorie. List the three physical states of matter and define each. Name the two temperature scales in general use today. Using a simple refrigeration system, identify and explain the functions of the four major components in the system. Define a ton of refrigeration.

Lesson 4 - Gas Laws (Part 1

Objectives: Name three men who established fundamental gas laws governing the actions and reactions of refrigerants. State Boyle’s Law and use it to solve problems involving gases. State Charles’ Law for a constant volume process, and use it to solve problems involving gases. State Charles’ Law for a constant pressure process, and use it to solve problems involving gases.

Lesson 5 - Gas Laws (Part 2)

Objectives: Explain Dalton’s Law. Describe what is meant by the “density” of a material. Define specific volume. Use the general gas law to determine the temperature, mass, volume, or pressure of a gas. Use specific gravity to determine the density of a material.

Lesson 6 - Pressure/Temperature Relationship (Part 1)

Objectives: Calculate temperature conversion from Fahrenheit to Celsius and from Celsius to Fahrenheit. Define absolute temperature and be able to calculate it in either scale. Define pressure. Explain the terms psig and psia. Define superheat. Define saturation.

Lesson 7 - Pressure/Temperature Relationship (Part 2)

Objectives: State the effects of pressure and temperature on the boiling point of a liquid. Use the saturated refrigerant tables to obtain information. Describe the behavior of a superheated gas as it responds to changes in temperature. Use the superheated refrigerant tables to obtain information. Demonstrate the use of pressure-temperature tables.

Lesson 8 - The Compression Refrigeration Cycle (Part 1)

Objectives: Explain why a liquid boils and changes to a saturated vapor, and conversely, why a saturated vapor changes to a liquid. Describe a refrigeration system. Explain the function of a receiver. Explain the function of metering devices. List three types of metering devices.

Lesson 9 - The Compression Refrigeration Cycle (Part 2)

Objectives: Define net refrigeration effect. State the conditions on which the standard refrigeration ton is based. Explain what is meant by the term volumetric efficiency. Determine coefficient of performance.

Lesson 10 - The Compression Refrigeration Cycle (Part 3)

Objectives: Calculate displacement and volumetric efficiency. Name the factors affecting volumetric efficiency. Explain what is meant by the term compression ratio. Calculate the compression ratio of a compressor. Define the term heat of compression and mechanical efficiency. Determine horsepower per ton. Determine Btu per watt.

Lesson 11 - Refrigerant Tables

Objective: Use refrigerant tables to: set controls compute head pressure for a specific set of operating conditions adjust superheat settings calculate net refrigeration effect estimate normal discharge temperatures.

Lesson 12 - Refrigerant Properties and Characteristics

Objectives: Define the term “refrigerant.” Recognize the physical and thermodynamic properties of several common refrigerants. Determine compression ratio. State the flammability and toxicity levels of commonly used refrigerants. Explain the undesirable effect of water in a refrigeration system. Determine the correct evaporator/condenser pressures for refrigerants that exhibit temperature glide. Explain the relationship between refrigerants and oils. Describe the effects of refrigerants on common metals and other materials. State the causes and effects of high compression ratios. Name several factors that affect the discharge temperature.

Lesson 13 - Refrigerant Designations

Objectives: Explain the significance of the ANSI/ASHRAE series designator for refrigerants. State the series number for each of the following compound classifications: methane-based, ethane-based, zeotropes, azeotropes, organic, and inorganic. Explain the significance of both upper-case and lower-case suffix letters in a designation. Interpret ASHRAE safety designations for toxicity and flammability. Define fractionation and temperature glide. Explain why only liquid should be used to charge a system with a blend. Write a molecular formula from a structural formula for simple compounds. Draw a structural formula from a molecular formula for simple compounds. Explain the difference between a recognized refrigerant and an approved refrigerant. Distinguish between the terms “substitute” refrigerant and “replacement” refrigerant.

Lesson 14 - Safe Practices and Public Relations

Objectives: List the causes and nature of accidents. Demonstrate safe practices regarding the use of tools. Describe the precautions that should be observed when working around moving machinery. Identify electrical and fire hazards, and the steps that should be taken to avoid them. Explain how injuries resulting from explosive gases, high pressures, and refrigerant cylinders may be prevented. Describe what should be done to promote good customer relations.

Lesson 15 – Compressors

Objectives: Distinguish the different types of compressors. List the advantages and disadvantages of open-type, semi-hermetic, rotary, screw, and centrifugal compressors. Describe the basic functions performed by each type of compressor. Define compressor efficiency. Explain the effects of high suction and discharge pressure.

Lesson 16 - Open-Type Compressors

Objectives: Explain the difference between and open-type compressor and a hermetic compressor. Explain how the same compressor can be used for different temperature applications. Describe the steps necessary to service the electric motor on an open-type compressor in the field. Explain the effect of suction pressure on motor load. Describe the installation procedure for a direct-drive-open-type compressor. Determine by calculation the motor pulley diameter when the compressor flywheel diameter, the compressor speed, and the motor speed are given.

Lesson 17 - Hermetic and Semi-Hermetic Compressors

Objectives: List the five types of compressors used in the mechanical refrigeration system. Describe the basic operation of the five types of compressors. List the advantages of a hermetically sealed compressor over an open-type compressor. Explain the methods used to remove heat from the motors of hermetic and semi-hermetic compressors. Describe the procedures involved in replacing a hermetic or semi-hermetic compressor. Identify some of the factors that affect compressor capacity.

Lesson 18 - Air-Cooled Condensers

Objectives: Explain the function of an air-cooled condenser. Describe the effect of non-condensable gasses. Identify various types of air-cooled condensers. Determine where the condenser should be located. Explain the refrigerant piping arrangement for a remote air-cooled condenser.

Lesson 19 - Water-Cooled Condensers

Objectives: Describe the function of a shell-and-tube water-cooled condenser. Calculate condenser capacity. Explain how a tube-in-tube condenser works. List the pros and cons of using a water-cooled condenser. Describe the operation of a shell-and-coil water-cooled condenser.

Lesson 20 - Refrigeration Evaporators

Objectives: Identify various types of evaporators. Evaluate evaporator coil performance criteria. Select proper fin spacing for a particular application. Match the evaporator capacity to the condensing unit. Describe the evaporator selection process. Identify proper evaporator locations. Explain the need for defrosting.

Lesson 21 - Capillary Tubes

Objectives: Explain the function of the capillary tube. Identify the capillary tube’s application characteristics. Explain the principles of capillary tube operation. Describe what should and should not be done to ensure satisfactory performance in a system that uses a capillary tube.

Lesson 22 - Thermostatic Expansion Valves (Part 1)

Objectives: Describe how a thermostatic expansion valve operates. Name the three pressures that affect the opening and closing of a TEV. Explain when a TEV with a remote charge is normally used. Specify where a gas-charged TEV should be installed in relation to the bulb. Explain the difference between internal equalizers and external equalizers. Discuss the importance of a properly selected TEV to the efficient operation of a refrigeration system.

Lesson 23 - Thermostatic Expansion Valves (Part 2)

Objectives: Name the factors that determine the correct type and size of TEV. Describe the precautions that you should take when installing a sweat-type TEV. Determine the proper location for the remote bulb of a TEV. Explain how to adjust superheat. Explain the general characteristics of replacement refrigerants and describe their effects of TEVs.

Lesson 24 - Oil in Refrigeration Systems

Objectives: List the properties required of a good refrigerant oil. Explain the term “solubility” as it relates to refrigerants. Describe several oil-related problems that can develop in refrigeration systems. Determine the effect on system capacity when oil is present in refrigerant. Explain the function of a crankcase heater. Explain the phrase “pump-down cycle” and describe how it works.

Lesson 25 - Recover, Recycle, Reclaim

Objectives: Define the terms recover, recycle, and reclaim. Explain the de minimis provision of minor losses when refrigerant is being recovered. Determine what portion of a refrigerant cylinder’s maximum capacity can be safely filled to prevent hydrostatic bursting. Explain why cylinders must be evacuated before being used for recovery, why only refillable cylinders may be used, and why refrigerants must not be mixed. Describe the typical routine maintenance items for refrigerant recycling machines in general.

Lesson 26 - Safe Handling of Refrigerants and Cylinders

Objectives: Determine how much refrigerant can safely be put in a cylinder. Determine the temperature at which a cylinder would be 100% full of liquid, when the refrigerant liquid density and cylinder volume are known. Define the term water capacity. Determine when a cylinder needs to be retested. Identify refrigerant cylinders by color coding of the containers. List at least five safety procedures to be followed when handling refrigerant cylinders. Explain why a non-refillable cylinder must not be reused or converted.

Lesson 27 - Fundamental Concepts of Electricity

Objectives: Describe the basic structure of an atom. Describe the movement of electrons. Define an electric current. Explain the difference between conductors and insulators. Identify at least five materials that are good conductors, and at least five materials that are good insulators. Explain what “charged bodies” are. Define static electricity. State Coulomb’s Law Explain “electric fields.” Define electromotive force (EMF).

Lesson 28 - Fundamental Concepts of Magnetism

Objectives: State the basic laws of magnetism. Understand magnetic circuits. Describe an electromagnet. Understand the difference between “natural” and “artificial” magnets. Explain magnetic fields. State the two basic theories of magnetism. Explain how the earth’s magnetic field works. Define the following terms: magnetic shielding, lines of force, magnetic flux, self inductance, mutual induction, and counter electromotive force. State Lenz’s Law.

Lesson 29 - Voltage = EMF = Potential Difference

Objectives: List and describe each of the basic methods of producing electricity. Explain the difference between “cells” and “batteries.” Explain the difference between primary cells and secondary cells. List the three fundamental requirements for producing a voltage by means of magnetism. Define the terms current, ampere, and coulomb. Solve problems involving current, charge, and time.

Lesson 30 - Resistors and Resistance

Objectives: Describe the differences among various types of resistors.        Describe the basic structure of resistors. Explain how electrons move through a resistor. Explain how resistive materials function. Find the resistance value of resistors. Calculate the wattage requirement of a resistor. Calculate the value of resistors in series. Calculate the value of resistors in parallel. Explain the difference between single-phase ac resistance the three-phase ac resistance. Calculate the total current in a resistance network of a three-phase circuit.

Lesson 31 - Conductors

Objectives: Explain how conductor sizes are measured. Calculate the cross-sectional area of a conductor in square mils and circular mils. Define the term ampacity. Explain the difference between solid wire and stranded wire. Explain the purpose of insulation and describe different types of insulation. Discuss the difference between low-voltage control wiring and high-voltage control wiring.

Lesson 32 - Power Supplies

Objectives: Describe basic power distribution systems for residential and light commercial applications. Explain the difference between three-phase power and single-phase power. Explain what a “stinger” leg is, and why it is used. Describe how single-phase power can be derived from a three-phase power supply. Explain the difference between wye and delta transformers.

Lesson 33 - Circuit Protection Devices

Objectives: Discuss the conditions under which circuit protection is needed. Describe the different types of fuses. List the main components and explain the basic function of circuit a breaker. Describe the operation of overload protectors used on compressors and motors. Explain the difference between “inherent” overload protection and “external” overload protection. Describe the various types of electronic motor protectors.

Lesson 34 - Electricity for the Service Technician (Part 1)

Objectives: Define alternating current, direct current, hertz (cycles per second), volts, amperes, and ohms. Apply Ohm’s Law to calculate voltage, current, resistance, and power in pure load circuits. Describe single-phase and three-phase circuits. Explain what the terms grounding, grounded, and ground mean. State how, when, and where a voltage check on equipment should be made. Explain what causes low voltage.

Lesson 35 - Electricity for the Service Technician (Part 2)

Objectives: List the main components of a transformer. Describe the basic operation of a transformer. Explain the relationship between turns and voltage. Calculate primary and secondary voltages. Describe how and when transformers are connected in series and in parallel. Explain the common applications of control transformers and autotransformers.

Lesson 36 - Electricity for the Service Technician (Part 3)

Objectives: Define power. Explain the difference between maximum voltage and effective voltage. Calculate power factors. Explain how a transformer operates. Explain the difference between “delta” and “star” connections. Troubleshoot motor complaints.

Click Here for School Information & Registration Form